When you use 1st Conditional
You use First Conditional to describe situation that can happen in the present or in the future.Let’s study the examples:
- If I see Jim today, I will ask him for help. /it is possible that I will see him today/
- If Emma doesn’t study hard, she will fail her exam. /It’s possible that she will fail her exam. Why? ➔ she doesn’t study hard/
- If it rains, we won’t go to the picnic. /there is a chance of rain, so maybe we won’t go to the picnic/
- Will Andrew give me this book if he finishes reading it tomorrow? /it’s possible that Andrew will finish reading the book tomorrow/
How to build statements in 1st Conditional
Conditional sentences consist of two parts: if-part and main part.
- Present Simple in if-part
- Future Simple in main part
- If John is free, he cinema with me.
- If you get cold, I my jacket.
- If they don’t win the match, they
You can also start a sentence with the main part. But still, you use Future Simple in the main part and Present Simple in If-part.
- John will go to the cinema with me
- I will give you my jacket, if
- They will be sad if they match.
Yes/No Questions in 1st Conditional
- you use tenses the same way you use them in statements (if-part ➔ Present Simple, main part ➔ Future Simple)
- in main part you make a question by putting will in the beginning
- you can start Yes/No question with if-part or with main part
Follow this structure, if you want to start Yes/No question with main part:
- Will you take it with you if supermarket?
- Will you lend me some money if I job?
- Will they let me live in their house if they
Follow this structure, if you want to start Yes/No question with if-part:
- If you go to the supermarket, with you?
- If I don’t find a new job, some money?
- If they move to Canada, in their house?
Wh-questions in 1st Conditional
- you use tenses the same way as you use them in statements (if-part ➔ Present Simple, main part ➔ Future Simple)
- in main part you make a question by putting Wh question + will + noun/pronoun + verb
- you can start Wh-question with if-part or with main part
Follow this structure, if you want to start Wh-question with main part:
- What will I do if she me?
- Where will they stay if a trip?
- How will they live if he
Follow this structure, if you want to start Wh-question with if-part:
- If she doesn’t forgive
- If they go on a trip,
- If he loses his job,